Ideal Industrial Locomotive: No Smoke, No Steam, No Coal" Popular Science Monthly - June, 1918
Note the oil tank in front
of the boiler,
which replaces the cumbersome coal-tender.
With coal scarce and gasoline high-priced and much in demand for
all of our war activities, the oil-fired steam locomotive, burning
heavy grades of distillate or crude oil, is now winning favor in
plants where switching engines haul goods over short distances. The
oil-fired locomotive has many uses. It is found hauling logs in
camps far away from coal supplies or wending its way on sugar
plantations; or busily transporting from excavations for New York's
new subway system muck, rails, ties and ballast. Contractors select
the oil-fired locomotive because it does not pollute the atmosphere
with smoke. ****
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In appearance, the fuel-fired locomotive, as shown in the
accompanying illustrations, does not differ much from the familiar
coal-fed type, except that a separate tank out in front of the
boiler takes the place of the usual coal-tender. The cost of
operation is said to be less than one cent a ton per mile. The
construction is clearly shown in the accompanying cross-sectional
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The new industrial
oil-fired steam locomotive in cross-sectional view.
Each part is plainly illustrated, showing the compact construction
of this coal-saving iron horse.
This information was transcribed from the article entitled "An Ideal
Industrial Locomotive: No Smoke, No Steam, No Coal" that appeared on page
851 of the June, 1910 issue of Popular Science Monthly.
The top image's caption incorrectly states the "oil tank" is located in
front of the boiler. As the bottom image correctly notes, the
water tank is located in front of the boiler with the
"fuel tank" being located inside the cab behind the boiler.
The title and text of the article notes the locomotive does not create
smoke during operation. Although we can't conclusively say "no
smoke" was created in operation, it seems very probable that smoke would be
produced when using oil, especially crude oil. When
kerosene was used for fuel, minimal or no smoke would have been produced.
The title incorrectly notes "No Steam". The foundation of
any steam locomotive, Bell locomotives included, is the production and
utilization of steam for propulsion.